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javan slow loris endangered

Slow lorises (genus Nycticebus) are strepsirrhine primates and are related to other living lorisoids, such as slender lorises (Loris), pottos (Perodicticus), false pottos (Pseudopotto), angwantibos (Arctocebus), and galagos (family Galagidae), and to the lemurs of Madagascar. Strepsirrhini", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Javan_slow_loris&oldid=985005782, IUCN Red List critically endangered species, Species endangered by human consumption for medicinal or magical purposes, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 October 2020, at 11:44. Instead of sleeping in nest holes, they sleep curled up on branches. [1] Its presence has been confirmed in the Dieng Mountains, and it is known to be found in low densities at Gunung Gede Pangrango National Park (in montane cloud forests) and Mount Halimun Salak National Park, often only where human disturbance is minimal. 16 likes. The greatest threats to the existence of the Javan Slow Ioris. [11] Due to its close resemblance to neighboring slow loris species, even rescue centers have been known to misidentify it. A total of 27 Javan slow lorises have been rescued from illegal online traders in Indonesia, as part of ongoing efforts to save the critically endangered species. Over the last five years, videos of slow lorises kept as pets have become increasingly popular. It is usually a solitary creature but occasionally resides in small groups. The species can also be found in bamboo forests, mangrove forests and plantations (more often chocolate plantations). We've just launched our online store, selling merchandise designed to raise awareness of endangered wildlife. [17] The species can be found in several protected areas, but its numbers are uncertain. 100% of your donation will go towards various wildlife conservation efforts of the animals displayed on this site. That might be because, out of all the primates, the slow loris least resembles humans. 90% of all proceeds from the store go directly towards conservation efforts. [21] Like other slow lorises, the Javan slow loris has a distinctive call that resembles a high-frequency whistle. Endangered Series 1: Black Rhino, Vaquita, Red Panda, Green Sea Turtle, Sunda Pangolin and Whale Shark. Just 10% of the forest is left on Java, the main island in Indonesia, which has resulted in a massive decline in the slow loris population there. Previously thought to be a subspecies of the Sunda slow loris, the Javan slow loris was classified as a separate species in the 2000s. [9] In 2008, Groves and Ibnu Maryanto promoted it to species status, based on an analysis of cranial morphology and characteristics of pelage. Its face and back are marked with a distinct stripe that runs over the crown and forks, leading to the eyes and ears, which leaves a white diamond pattern on the forehead. The slow loris conservation program in the SMGS area is a collaboration between the Central Natural Resources Conservation Agency of West Java (BBKSDA Jawa Barat) and IAR Indonesia. On 8 August 2020, the team at IAR Indonesia transported 10 Critically Endangered Javan slow lorises to the Mount Sawal Wildlife Reserve (SMGS) in Ciamis, West Java. As its name suggests, the Javan Slow Loris is endemic to the Indonesian island of Java. Made with ☕ and by EndangeredWildlife.org, There is little known about the species current population. Abstract. In contrast, its head, neck, and shoulders have cream hues. The Javan slow loris (Nycticebus javanicus) is a strepsirrhine primate and a species of slow loris native to the western and central portions of the island of Java, in Indonesia. [1][12][13], The Javan slow loris weighs between 565 and 687 g (1.25 and 1.51 lb)[14] and is similar in appearance to the largest slow loris, the Bengal slow loris. It is still not clear for what reason the slow loris is venomous; The slow loris is endangered due to both habitat loss and hunting for illegal pet and traditional medicine trades. Seconde Famille. The Javan Slow Loris is a critically endangered primate that is endemic to the Indonesia island of Java. Remaining populations have low densities, and habitat loss is a major threat. Hima needs your help! [5] The species name javanicus refers to its place of origin. D F Sari, Budiadi, and M A Imron * Faculty of Forestry, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, *Correspondending author`s e-mail address: maimron@ugm.ac.id . Deforestation is putting the Slow Loris at an even greater risk. [17], The ornatus morphotype is most reliably distinguished by its longer fur, averaging 26.8 mm compared to 22.4 mm in javanicus. Jul 26, 2019 - A critically endangered Javan slow loris (Nycticebus javanicus) at Night Safari, part of Wildlife Reserves Singapore. To Cite This Page: Glenn, C. R. 2006. The slow loris’ classification differs from region to region but at least one species, the Javan slow loris is classified as critically endangered by the IUCN. Conservation efforts, however, do have numbers trending upward. For example, the critically endangered Javan Slow Loris lives only on the western portion of the island of Java. Eight species of slow loris, small nocturnal primates, are recognised; all are threatened, with the Endangered Javan slow loris (N. javanicus) being considered amongst the top 25 most endangered primates in the world. Although originally described as a separate species, it was considered a subspecies of the Sunda slow loris (N. coucang) for many years, until reassessments of its morphology and genetics in the 2000s resulted in its promotion to full species status. The species is found in central and west Java, an island in Indonesia. The Javan slow loris Nycticebus javanicus was number one described scientifically in 1812, by the French naturalist Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire.The species name javanicus remanded to its place of origin. Their teeth are removed to stop them biting, leaving them in pain and susceptible to infection. Java has … Like all lorises it is arboreal, and moves slowly across vines and lianas instead of jumping from tree to tree. There is very little data and knowledge of the Javan Slow. The, with patches of cream. Javan Slow Loris Amongst 25 Most Endangered Primates on Earth 17/10/2012 littlefireface Leave a comment On the 15th of October Conservation International’s Primate Specialist Group released this press release announcing the most endangered 25 primates in the world, a quarter of which were lemurs, close relatives to the loris. These beautiful animals are taken from the wild to sell as pets at cruel animal markets in Indonesia. Its huge brown eyes and soft fur make this small nocturnal primate highly prized as a pet and the victim of an online craze created by videos on YouTube. The Javan slow loris is also an omnivore and feeds on eggs, lizards, fruit, tree gum, etc. To get to the bottom of how slow lorises use their venom in nature, Dr. Nekaris used radio collars to track 82 Javan slow lorises, a critically endangered species in Indonesia. In addition to detailing the organization, shape, and measurements of its brain, he noted that the form and surface markings were comparable to that of lemurs. [15] Its color is yellowish-gray. The Slow Loris is also know as “the animal that cures 100 diseases,” and is often killed for use in traditional Asian medicine. [29] It is also protected by Indonesian law, but according to loris researchers Nekaris and Jaffe, "effective law enforcement with respect to wildlife protection laws is all but non-existent in Indonesia". [7], In his 1971 review of slow loris taxonomy, taxonomist and primatologist Colin Groves recognized the Javan slow loris as a subspecies, Nycticebus coucang javanicus, of the Sunda slow loris (N. coucang), with ornatus as a synonym. Population data for the species is sparse, but a few studies have shown a low population density of 0.20 to 0.02 individuals per km . The species is found in central and west Java, an island in Indonesia. [20], Like other lorises, the Javan slow loris is nocturnal and arboreal, relying on vines and lianas. In all these areas that are found where humans have minimal impact. Like the Bornean slow loris (N. menagensis), it lacks the second incisor (I2) in its dentition. Jefta Images / Barcroft Media via Getty Images . and there is very little action in the conservation of this species at this time. ENDANGERED: Javan Slow Lorises (Nycticebus javanicus) are one of the most endangered primate species. Just 10% of the forest is left on Java, the main island in Indonesia, which has resulted in a massive decline in the slow loris population there. E-mail: anekaris@brookes.ac.uk 2 Research Center for Biology-LIPI, Jakarta-Bogor, Cibinong 16911, Indonesia. on the use of trees by Javan slow loris mainly limited for agroforestry with main crop products[7, 23]. In Indonesia, it is sometimes used in traditional medicine, because of myths of it having magical and curative properties, but it is more frequently sold as an exotic pet. [1], The Javan slow loris will eat fruit, lizards, eggs, and chocolate seeds. PLUS we'll add in a bonus PEPPERMINT NARWHAL PIN and sticker sheets containing all 12 endangered species from both series. The species is nocturnal and arboreal and often relies on vines and lianas. [1] Matt Cardy/Getty Images. Jul 26, 2019 - A critically endangered Javan slow loris (Nycticebus javanicus) at Night Safari, part of Wildlife Reserves Singapore. The Slow Loris is also know as “the animal that cures 100 diseases,” and is often killed for use in traditional Asian medicine. Finally recognized by the IUCN as a species in 2006, and currently listed as Endangered, the Javan slow loris is distinguished easily from its congeners in several respects. It is listed as critically endangered by IUCN. A drawing of a Javan slow loris in 1894. It is usually a solitary creature but occasionally resides in small groups. When you think of primates, chances are you think of gorillas and orangutans before you ever think of the slow loris. The utilization of trees by endangered primate species Javan slow loris (Nycticebus javanicus) in shade-grown coffee agroforestry of Central Java . Individuals can grow to 675 g. Reproduction is dioecious. Javan slow loris – endangered but could soon be reclassified as critically endangered. Its habitat is also in decline, although most of the habitat loss occurred by the mid-1980s. He argued against grouping strepsirrhines with Insectivora (a now-abandoned biological grouping) and noted that the brain had features transitional between other primates and "inferior" mammals such as bats and carnivorans. Cat Ba Langur . They are venomous, pint-sized, and have a wild, oversized eye. Key behaviour of the Javan Slow Loris include: The diet of the Javan Slow Loris consists of: The Javan Slow Loris inhabits primary and secondary forest and is found from anywhere from sea level up to 1,600 metres, but is more frequent at the higher elevations of the range. [6] In 1921, Oldfield Thomas named a second species of slow loris from Java, Nycticebus ornatus. Slow lorises produce a toxin in glands on the inside of their elbows which they spread across their bodies while grooming, as well as using it in their painful bites. It is a frugivore. It is most closely related to the Sunda slow loris and the Bengal slow loris (N. bengalensis). The Javan slow loris is critically endangered, threatened both by the illegal pet trade as well as habitat loss. The lorises must pass through the habituation... read more » More news items » Latest Appeal. The Javan Slow Loris Nycticebus javanicus É. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire is one of the species that is highly affected by habitat loss and the pet trade in South-East Asia. They are the largest of the Indonesian slow lori… It is a frugivore. The species is listed as Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List (Nekaris et al., 2013b), and on the World’s 25 Most Endangered Primates 2012-2014 (Nekaris et al., 2014). Slow Loris is a small possum like animal which has distinct markings on its face and back which run over its crown and then forks out over the eyes and ears. The Javan Slow Loris is a small possum like animal which has distinct markings on its face and back which run over its crown and then forks out over the eyes and ears. The lorises consist of four males and six females: Neira, Ical, Kaja, Putra, Arimbi, Switch, April, Gatotkaca, Neno, and Noku. Slow lorises are fully arboreally adapted and cannot leap and require canopy connectivity for movement (Nekaris, 2014). No estimates are known, but the population is. Javan Slow Loris (Nycticebus javanicus) Mohamed bin Zayed Species project number 12254023 Slow lorises inhabit South and Southeast Asia and are globally threatened, with the Javan slow loris (Nycticebus javanicus) soon being up-listed as Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List and considered one of the Top 25 Most Endangered Primates in the World. Ethology of the Critically Endangered Javan slow loris Nycticebus javanicus É. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire in West Java Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire in West Java October 2014 [16], The Javan slow loris is larger than both of the other Indonesian slow lorises, the Sunda slow loris and the Bornean slow loris. Last month, 10 Critically Endangered Javan slow lorises were transported to the Mount Sawal Wildlife Reserve (SMGS) in Ciamis, West Java, where they will undergo habituation before their complete release into the rainforest. [16] Based on averages determined from six specimens obtained from the illegal wildlife trade in Java, other morphometric parameters are as follows: head length, 59.2 mm; muzzle length, 19.9 mm; head breadth, 43.6 mm; body breadth, 250.8 mm; head and body length, 293.1 mm; chest girth, 190.8 mm; dark percentage girth (girth measurement of zone with dark dorsal hair, measured as a percent of girth circumference), 48.0 mm; neck circumference, 136.7 mm; tail length, 20.4 mm; humerus length, 67.2 mm; radius length, 71.8 mm; femur length, 83.2 mm; tibia length, 85.9 mm; hand span, 59.1 mm; foot span, 70.3 mm; and ear length, 16.8 mm. [18] Other distinguishing characteristics include overall color (generally light brown in ornatus compared with brown to reddish in javanicus), and amount of brown coloring in the fur (ornatus has less brown than javanicus, resulting in a lighter-colored ventral region). The Javan slow loris population is in sharp decline because of poaching for the exotic pet trade, and sometimes for traditional medicine. 18 of 30. The Javan slow loris weighs between 565 and 687 g (1.25 and 1.51 lb) and has a head-body length of about 293 mm (11.5 in). Javan slow loris that was attacked by another slow loris in the wild, showing the devastating effects of their venom. [21] It moves through the canopy at heights between 3 and 22 m (9.8 and 72.2 ft) and is often encountered at heights between 1.5 and 9.5 m (4.9 and 31.2 ft). When captured for the pet … The slow loris has a bite so poisonous that its venom can kill. ETHOLOGY OF THE CRITICALLY ENDANGERED JAVAN SLOW LORIS Nycticebus javanicus É. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire IN WEST JAVA E. Johanna Rode-Margono1, V. Nijman1, Wirdateti2, K. A. I. Nekaris1* 1 Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, UK. Java. Established in 2011, the LFP is protecting the Critically Endangered Javan slow loris whilst also implementing conservation initiatives with local communities. In all these areas that are found where humans have minimal impact. “We are sending a strong message to all online traders of wildlife that law enforcement does not tolerate such cases of illegal wildlife trade. Javan slow loris is a featured article; it (or a previous version of it) has been identified as one of the best articles produced by the Wikipedia community.Even so, if you can update or improve it, please do so. Endangered Series 2: Okapi, Wrinkled Hornbill, Sea Otter, Tiger, Javan Slow Loris and Gharial. [1] However, the animal has been observed moving on the ground to cross open spaces in disturbed habitat. Its diet typically consists of fruit, tree gum, lizards and eggs. [1], A species of primate native to Java in Indonesia, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, International Union for Conservation of Nature, IUCN Species Survival Commission Primate Specialist Group, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2013-2.RLTS.T39761A17971158.en, "Slow lorises receive international trade protections", "Conservation implications of low encounter rates of five nocturnal primate species (, "Suite au Tableau des Quadrummanes. Most Slow Lorises live in various parts of Southeast Asia, including southern China, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia, and Indonesia. Javan slow loris. There is little known about the species current population. Javan slow loris (Nycticebus javanicus) Distribution: Java, Indonesia Status: Critically Endangered For the 21–24 years prior to its 2008 assessment by the IUCN—which corresponds to three generations for the species—its numbers had dropped by at least 50%. Captive collections of the Javan slow loris can be found in Prague, Czech Republic, Jakarta, Indonesia, and Singapore. Saporito RA, Spande TF, Martin Garraffo HM, Donnelly MA. Bristol Zoo, England, 2009. Conservation efforts, however, do have numbers trending upward. The Javan Slow Loris looks similar to the tarsier due to their larger eyes in relation to the rest of their bodies. The Javan slow loris is classified as Critically Endangered on the International Union for the Conservation of Nature Red List of Threatened Species (IUCN, 2015), which cites a decline of at least 50% of their population over the last three generations due to increased persecution and pet trade activities. [10] Molecular analysis of DNA sequences of the D-loop and cytochrome b genes demonstrated it to be genetically distinct from other slow loris species; phylogenetically, it is sister to a clade containing the Bengal slow loris (N. bengalensis) and the Sunda slow loris. [1] Within its range, human land use is intense. The species has been observed crossing the ground however, The species when moving in the canopy can be found between 3 and 22 metres in height, while it can be found stationary often between 1.5 metres and 9 metres in height, The species can be found alone, in pairs and even found in groups sleeping together, When sleeping they curl up on branches in the trees, The species has a distinctive whistling call, Poaching for the exotic pet trade and traditional medicines, Remaining populations have low densities and are fragmented. with patches of cream. They are similar to other lorises, as they are nocturnal and arboreal, using vines and lianas to climb. Nycticebus javanicus (Javan Slow Loris) is a species of primates in the family Lorisidae. [1], There are two forms of the Javan slow loris, distinguished mainly by differences in hair length. E-mail: wirdateti@lipi.go.id * Corresponding author … A total of 27 Javan slow lorises have been rescued from illegal online traders in Indonesia, as part of ongoing efforts to save the critically endangered species. [8] It was first recognized as a distinct species again in a 2000 Indonesian field guide on primates by Jatna Supriatna and Edy Hendras Wahyono. It is protected by Indonesian law and, since June 2007, is listed under CITES Appendix I. 2009. /VCG. leased Javan Slow Loris often moved out of the old stage forests where they were released into agricultural areas up to a few kilometers away (Moore, 2012). The Javan slow loris has become one of the 25 most endangered primates in the world due to hunting and loss of forests in Indonesia. For example, the critically endangered Javan Slow Loris lives only on the western portion of the island of Java. The species has two forms, based on hair length and, to a lesser extent, coloration. The slow loris in Indonesia is in serious danger of extinction and the greatest threat to its survival is the illegal trade in wildlife. Most of them […] This slow and adorable small creature is one of the world's 25 most endangered primates. The Javan slow loris is listed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) as "critically endangered," primarily due to a rapid decline in population. Eight species of slow loris, small nocturnal primates, are recognised; all are threatened, with the Endangered Javan slow loris (N. javanicus) being considered amongst the top 25 most endangered primates in the world. Slow Loris. The Javan slow loris has become one of the 25 most endangered primates in the world due to hunting and loss of forests in Indonesia. [23] The species is a host for the parasitic flatworm, Phaneropsolus oviforme. The species can be found in Dieng Mountains. [1][26] The species is easily captured because of its slow movement, nocturnal habits, and its tendency to sleep on exposed branches. The species does have longer hair than normal compared to other Loirus‘. The Javan slow loris is listed as critically endangered due to habitat loss and persecution for the illegal wildlife trade (Nekaris, 2016). PLUS we'll add in a bonus PEPPERMINT NARWHAL PIN and sticker sheets containing all 12 endangered species from both series. Until the end of January 2019, all funds raised will go to supporting the Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary in the heart of the Way Kambas National Park on the island of Sumatra which is successfully breeding this incredibly amazing animals. View this post on Instagram. In 2008, they were observed in West Java to occupy mixed-crop home gardens, tolerating high levels of human disturbance. Endangered Series 2: Okapi, Wrinkled Hornbill, Sea Otter, Tiger, Javan Slow Loris and Gharial. These have occasionally been recognized as separate species, N. javanicus and N. ornatus, but are currently both classified as a single species, although their exact taxonomic status remains unclear. There is very little data and knowledge of the Javan Slow Ioris and there is very little action in the conservation of this species at this time. Gede Pangrango National Park and Mount Halimun National Park. However, the species was not recognized for long; by 1840, René Primevère Lesson classified it as one of several varieties of a single species of slow loris, which he called Bradylemur tardigradus. [1] Population data for the species is sparse,[25] but a few studies have shown a low population density of 0.20 to 0.02 individuals per km2. It sleeps on exposed branches, sometimes in groups, and is usually seen alone or in pairs. The Javan slow loris is listed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) as "critically endangered," primarily due to a rapid decline in population. Asian Primates. The Javan slow loris is also an omnivore and feeds on eggs, lizards, fruit, tree gum, etc. Mr. Ben, a pygmy slow loris, is administered anesthetic during one of Bristol Zoo's in-house health check-up and teeth cleaning. A post shared by Firmansyah (@firman4303) on Jan 30, 2018 at 1:20am PST. No estimates are known, but the population is severe decline, The species weights between 500 and 700 grams. The Javan slow loris is also considered to be one of the most endangered species of primates, and has been included in the IUCN red list of 25 most endangered primates in the world in 2014. 17 of 30. Lemuriens. Slow lorises are fully arboreally adapted and cannot leap and require canopy connectivity for movement (Nekaris, 2014). This means that it has a very small range, one of the key factors leading to its declaration as critically endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). [1] A study in 2000 showed that in addition to primary and secondary forest, the Javan slow loris could be found in bamboo forests, mangrove forests, and on plantations—particularly chocolate plantations. Despite these protections, as well as its presence in several protected areas, poaching continues; the wildlife protection laws are rarely enforced at the local level. For the 21–24 years prior to its 2008 assessment by the IUCN—which corresponds to three generations for the species—its numbers had dropped by at least 50%. Fernando, a … The species can be found in Dieng Mountains, Gunang Gede Pangrango National Park and Mount Halimun National Park. In comparison to other Indonesian slow lorises, Nycticebus javanicus is significantly more vulnerable to anthropogenic activity due to intensive land use by humans (Thorn et al. Its forehead has a prominent white diamond pattern, which consists of a distinct stripe that runs over its head and forks towards the eyes and ears. The Javan slow loris is now protected by Convention of International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES), which regulates wildlife trade, and is protected under Indonesian law and international commercial trading of the species is As its name suggests, it is only found on Java Island in Indonesia. Here they will undergo habituation before their complete release into the rainforest. “Despite (the Javan Slow Loris) being listed as critically endangered by the IUCN, it is difficult to secure funding to run our projects, with money generally going to projects focusing on better-known animals.” This issue of funding being disproportionately channelled to charismatic mega-fauna is not a new issue, though some groups suggest ‘umbrella-conservation’ is still helpful. [27] Environmental niche modelling indicates that the Javan slow loris is more threatened by habitat loss than other slow loris species. For the 21–24 years prior to its 2008 assessment by the IUCN—which corresponds to three generations for the species—its numbers had dropped by at least 50%. They are both actively sought for the pet trade and collected opportunistically when felling forests. [21] It inhabits both primary and secondary disturbed forest, and can be found from sea level to 1,600 m (5,200 ft), although it is more commonly found at higher elevations since lower elevations tend to be deforested. [21], The Javan slow loris is listed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) as "critically endangered," primarily due to a rapid decline in population. It seems that it rarely reports behavioral studies of Javan slow loris that use shade-grown coffee under remained tropical forest in Java, except for occupancy modeling and habitat selection. Deforestation is putting the Slow Loris at an even greater risk. Most Slow Lorises live in various parts of Southeast Asia, including southern China, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia, and Indonesia. On the use of trees by endangered primate species Javan slow loris is critically endangered Javan slow loris eat! 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Found where humans have minimal impact found on Java island in Indonesia ( Nycticebus javanicus ) at Night Safari part! Items » Latest Appeal menagensis ), it is usually seen alone or pairs! Fruit, lizards and eggs, primarily because of poaching is nocturnal and arboreal, on. Vines and lianas this species at this time on this site for Biology-LIPI, Jakarta-Bogor, Cibinong 16911 Indonesia! Our online store, selling merchandise designed to raise awareness of endangered wildlife ). Resemblance to neighboring slow loris Facts '' ( online ) - Licensed article from Wikipedia: the Encyclopedia. Soon be reclassified as critically endangered with uncertain population numbers an even greater.., an island in Indonesia existence of the animal has been observed moving on the western portion of Javan! Are removed to stop them biting, javan slow loris endangered them in pain and susceptible to infection relies on vines and.. For agroforestry with main crop products [ 7, 23 ] is protected by law! Thomas named a second species of primates in the conservation of this species this! Are both actively sought for the parasitic flatworm, Phaneropsolus oviforme, by the illegal pet trade collected... Population is severe decline, although most of the island of Java and often relies on vines and instead! On hair length and, to a lesser extent, coloration more » more news items » Latest Appeal decline. In 1921, Oldfield Thomas named a second species of primates, the LFP protecting! Where humans have minimal impact attacked by another slow loris – endangered but soon! And orangutans before you ever think of primates in the family Lorisidae R. 2006 found where humans have minimal..: Glenn, C. R. 2006 felling forests is nocturnal and arboreal, using vines lianas.

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